AFRICA 2013 Gallery
|School children danced and sang about the role Ethiopia’s rich endowment of water resources, during the Opening Ceremony of AFRICA 2013. Delegations from 67 countries participated at the Conference and Exhibition, at the African Union Congress Centre in Addis Ababa.|
|Aerial view of the Opening Ceremony on 16 April, during the speech of His Excellency Alemayehu Tegenu, Minister of Water Resources of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia. The Ceremony was attended by about 600 participants.|
General view of part of the audience, during the AFRICA 2013 Opening Ceremony.
Guest of Honour H.E. Demeke Mekonnen, Deputy Prime Minister, and Minister of Education of Ethiopia. He described hydropower as “one of the most viable options for African countries, to meet the twin requirements of sustainability and self reliance”, during his speech at the end of the Opening Plenary session.
|His Excellency Alemayehu Tegenu, Minister of Water and Energy of Ethiopia, who spoke of the urgency in mobilizing funds for the PIDA priority projects; he stressed that the PIDA initiative would have far-reaching impacts on socio-economic development of the region. AFRICA 2013 was timely in bringing together experts to debate the associated challenges, he said.|
Her Excellency Prof Mamounata Belem Ouedraogo, Minister of Water Resources, Hydraulic Infrastructure and Sanitation of Burkina Faso, who drew attention to some of the challenges of water resources development in Africa, and underlined the need for more water storage facilities.
Her Excellency Dr Elham M.A. Ibrahim, Commissioner of Infrastructure and Energy at the African Union, said that Africa needed to commission about 7000 MW/year of new capacity, adding that at the present rates of progress, the Millennium Development Goals would not be achieved. She paid tribute to those who had travelled from all parts of the world to AFRICA 2013, and drew attention to the relevance of the Conference sessions to the PIDA initiative.
ICOLD President Adama Nombre, co-host of AFRICA 2013, welcomed participants, and outlined some of the main global challenges in the field of water resources development. “Water storage and hydropower are at the heart of progress and welfare for the people and nations of Africa”, he said.
Aqua-Media Director Alison Bartle welcomed participants, and drew attention to some of the eminent experts from Africa, Asia, Europe and North and South America who were contributing to the programme. The fact that people had assembled from 67 nations demonstrated the international commitment to helping Africa achieve its development goals, she said. Most of the PIDA priority projects would be discussed in the regional sessions, she added.
AFRICA 2013 Co-host, EEPCo CEO Ato Miheret Debebe (left), with ICOLD President Adama Nombre, at the end of the Opening Plenary Session. Ato Miheret spoke of Ethiopia’s future role as an energy hub for East Africa and areas beyond. Market opportunities for Europe, Asia, Africa and North America could represent up to US$4 billion/year, he said.
ICOLD Secretary-General Michel de Vivo chaired the second part of the Plenary session. In his introductory talk, he referred to the ICOLD-led World Declaration on Hydropower for Africa’s Sustainable Development, which had been launched in 2008. Referring to Africa’s vast hydro potential, he said: “Africa is the future – not only for Africa, but for all other countries”. He commended Ethiopia in leading the way in hydro development, ensuring energy security and regional stability.
|Philippe Nyongabo, Head of the Energy Division of the African Union, co-chaired the regional session on Central Africa, which included details on the planned Inga development in DRC. He also represented the AU in the Closing Ceremony of AFRICA 2013.|
Alessandro Palmieri, Lead Dam Specialist at the World Bank, spoke of the indirect economic benefit of dams, during the Plenary session. “Major water infrastructure has been the platform for the development of now-rich countries, and not a single country has developed without it”, he said. Palmieri also chaired the regional session on East Africa, and played an active role in the pre-Conference Seminar on Dam Safety, and the Round Table discussion on project finance.
|Dr Seleshi Bekele, Senior Water Resources and Climate Specialist, at UNECA’s African Climate Policy Centre, spoke in the plenary session on the challenges, opportunities and management of climate change. He discussed the urgent need for Africa to improve its resilience to the effects of climate change, and stressed the importance of developing more water storage facilities, to mitigate the effects of extreme hydrological events. He later chaired the session on climate change, and gave a keynote address on current research efforts.|
Dr Jacques Moulot, Chief Energy Expert at the African Development Bank, gave an overview of the PIDA initiative, demonstrating the role that the priority projects would play in regional development across the Africa continent. He pointed out that the PIDA projects would benefit, directly or indirectly, at least 34 African countries, as buyers or sellers of electricity.
|Dr Sam Cho (shown right) who heads UNECA’s Private Sector/Enterprise Development Section. He chaired a roundtable discussion on finance, with special focus on the PIDA priority projects. Beside him is Mr Callixte Kambanda, Chief Infrastructure Specialist at the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa, and Dr Louise Scura, World Bank Sector Leader for Sustainable Development, based in Addis Ababa, and responsible for Ethiopia and the Sudans.|
Prof Benedito Braga, President of the World Water Council, spoke of the importance of water security for Africa, and referred to the WWC’s report on ‘Water for Growth and Development in Africa’. He called for greater recognition of “water as an engine for social and economic development”.
Dr Stephen Maxwell Donkor, Senior Regional Advisor at UNECA, spoke of Africa’s vulnerability to climatic extremes. He pointed out that 35 per cent of Africans had no access to safe drinking water. He called for improvements in governance and institutional arrangements, and also highlighted the importance of greater collaboration between riparian countries sharing major waterways.
ICID Vice-President Dr Adama Sangare spoke of irrigation and food security challenges for Africa, pointing out that 239 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa were currently under-nourished. He stressed the need for more water storage, to bring more potential cropland under irrigation.
Niels Nielsen gave an outline of the IEA’s Hydropower Technology Roadmap. He explained that the research had aimed to study the lowest cost alternatives to meet certain criteria by 2050, the main one of which was to reduce the increase in global warming by 2º. He told delegates that the Hydropower Roadmap predicted that hydro generation worldwide would double by 2050 to around 7000 TWh/year, and capacity could reach 2000 GW, mostly at large plants in emerging/developing countries.
|General view of the AFRICA 2013 International Exhibition, during one of the refreshment breaks. About 70 companies and professional associations demonstrated their expertise and services.|
The delegation from Burkina Faso, headed by Her Excellency Minister Mamounata Belem Ouedraogo (shown centre), and delegates from Nigera, stand before the golden logo of the African Union, in the foyer of the Congress Centre.
Eng. Azeb Asnake, Project Manager of the 1870 MW Gibe III scheme in Ethiopia, presents details of the project during the regional session on East Africa. She also participated in the Dam Safety Seminar on 15 April, and played a major role on the local EEPCo Steering Committee, during the planning of AFRICA 2013.
Prof Laurent Kitoko, Director of International Relations of SNEL, DRC, who co-chaired the session on Central Africa, with Philippe Niyongabo (show on the right), Head of Energy at the African Union. Prof Kitoko gave an opening address outlining plans for the development of the vast hydro potential at Inga in DRC. Much of the session focused on this major regional scheme, which could provide up to 40,000 MW of power to be transmitted across the continent, through ‘energy super-highways’.
|Marko Gospodjinacki, President of the European Small Hydropower Association, gave a keynote address in which he stressed the importance of exploiting small-scale hydropower for rural development in Africa. He also contributed to discussions during the pre-Conference training seminar, organized by ESHA on 15 April.|
Dr Ahmed Chraibi of Morocco, and Dr Andy Hughes of the UK, co-chaired a session on Dam Design. Dr Chraibi also presented a paper on dam surveillance and monitoring, during the session on maintenance, and contributed to discussions on capacity building in his country. Dr Hughes also participated in the pre-Conference seminar on dam safety.
|Claude Kayitenkore, Energy Director of EGL (Energy Great Lakes), a tri-national organization covering Burundi, Rwanda and DRC, gave a talk on the influence of climate change on the sustainable management of the Ruzizi river.|
Dr Lawrence Musaba of the South African Power Pool gave an overview of the role of hydropower in the SAPP. He pointed out that large hydro development was a top priority for SAPP at present, and that SAPP planned to increase the contribution of hydropower from 20 to 27 per cent by 2020. Hydro capacity planned to be implemented by 2018 in the SAPP countries amounts to 11 068 MW, he said.
ICOLD President Adama Nombre of Burkina Faso, giving the opening presentation in the session on capacity building. He spoke of capacity building in relation to dam and hydropower engineering. Beside him is ICOLD Vice President Prof Gerrit Basson of South Africa, who co-chaired the session with F. Sonuga of Nigeria.
Dr Malcolm Dunstan of the UK, giving his keynote address entitled ‘Precedent for the rapid construction of large RCC dams’. He discussed in particular factors which impact on the rate of RCC placement, such as the layout of the dam design, placement procedures adopted, the concrete plant and RCC transportation method used, the RCC mix proportions and the bedding mixes.
Prof Xu Zeping of the China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research discussed the design and application of a GB waterstop at the Merowe concrete faced rockfill dam in Sudan.
|ICOLD Hon President, Prof Luis Berga of Spain, gave a keynote talk on the role of hydropower in relation to climate change. He pointed out that current projections could not provide decision-makers with exact information about the rate of future changes, but could serve as an initial assessment. It was important, he said, for trends and data on hydropower generation to be well monitored and analysed in the future, to allow for well-informed adaptive management.|
Dr Peter Mason of MWH Ltd, UK, giving his keynote address on the variability of floods and hydropower yield in Africa, in the session on hydrology and flood discharge works. Dr Mason also chaired the session on Potential, developments and plans in Southern Africa.
Dr Martin Wieland of Pöyry Energy Ltd, Switzerland, and Chairman of ICOLD’s Committee on Seismic Aspects of Dam Design, presenting his paper on ICOLD’s revised seismic design and performance criteria for large storage dams, during the session on Dam safety. Beside him are the session co-chairs: Dr Harald Kreuzer of Switzerland, and Alejandro Pujol of Argentina.
|Dr Robin Charlwood of the USA, who led the pre-Conference seminar on dam safety. During the conference he also gave a keynote address reviewing dam safety management approaches for Nile Basin projects, and a paper on preventing alkali aggregate reaction in new dams in Africa.|
H.E. Alemayehu Tegenu, Ethiopia’s Minister of Water and Energy, visiting a stand shared by Studio Tecnico Malnati of Italy and N.R. Koeling BV of The Netherlands, during his tour of the AFRICA 2013 Exhibition, with Aqua-Media’s Sales & Marketing Manager Dr Lukas Port. Shown left is Eng Azeb Asnake, Project Manager of EEPCo’s Gibe III project.
H.E. Minister Alemayehu Tegenu looks at the special issue of Hydropower & Dams published to commemorate AFRICA 2013, during his visit to Aqua~Media’s stand at in the exhibition area. From left are: Sales & Marketing Executive Melanie Ganz, and Sales & Marketing Managers Maria Teresa Loredo and Dr Lukas Port.
ICOLD officers take a break from their full-day Board meeting, held at the AU Congress Centre in Addis Ababa, on the day preceding AFRICA 2013. From left: Vice President Alejandro Pujol of Argentina; Vice President Prof Anton Schleiss of Switzerland; Vice President Dr Werner Flögl of Austria; President Adama Nombre of Burkina Faso; Vice President Tadahiko Sakamoto of Japan; Secretary-General Michel de Vivo of France; and Vice President Prof Gerrit Basson of South Africa.
Delegates learn more about Ethiopia’s major hydropower development plans, at the stand of the country’s Ministry of Water and Energy, at the AFRICA 2013 Technical Exhibition.
|Speakers at the Small Hydro Training Workshop, organized by the European Small Hydropower Association, with input from the International Energy Agency, which preceded AFRICA 2013. From left: ESHA President Marko Gospodjinacki; Dr Nino Frosio of Italy; ESHA Vice President Prof Bernhard Pelikan; and Kearon Bennett of Canada, who heads the IEA-HIA Small Hydro Annex.|
Dr Christoph Mayer, Regional Director for Africa of Andritz Hydro, welcoming delegates to the AFRICA 2013 reception at the Sheraton Hotel on 16 April, which Andritz co-hosted. Andritz has been active in Africa for more than 100 years, and has supplied or refurbished the equipment for more than 50 per cent of the country’s hydro capacity.
AFRICA 2013 participants listening to the welcome messages from Adama Nombre (ICOLD), Alison Bartle (Aqua~Media) and Dr Christoph Mayer (Andritz), during the Welcome Reception at the Sheraton. The evening provided a chance to relax, with a buffet supper and cocktails, after a long day of intense discussions.
The closing session of AFRICA 2013. Alison Bartle (left) made some preliminary closing remarks, and then introduced some of the experts (shown beside her) who had chaired sessions, to present brief outcomes. She announced that fuller reports would appear in Issue 3 of Hydropower & Dams. Shown in the upper row, from left: ICOLD Secretary-General Michel de Vivo; Philippe Niyongabo, Head of Energy at the African Union; ICOLD President Adama Nombre; H.E. Minister Alemayehu Tegenu (who officially closed the conference); and EEPCo CEO, Ato Miheret Debebe.
Steve Usher, Deputy Editor of Hydropower & Dams at Aqua~Media International, presents highlights from the AFRICA 2013 Final Declaration, which is to be presented to the African Union. Input has been received from UNECA, the professional associations (ICOLD, ICID, IEA, WWC), experts contributing to the main technical, financial and environmental themes of the conference, and the Aqua~Media team.
|Some examples of the spectacular national dances of Ethiopia, which were arranged by EEPCo for the Farewell Dinner at the Hilton Hotel. EEPCo hosted the evening. Participants were honoured by the presence of H.E. Alemayehu Tegenu, Minister of Water and Energy of Ethiopia, and H.E. Prof Mamounata Belem Ouedraogo, Minister of Water Resources, Hydraulic Infrastructure and Sanitation of Burkina Faso.|
|About 70 AFRICA 2013 delegates took part in the post-Conference study tour, which included a visit to the Gibe II and Gibe III projects, part of the Omo River Cascade development. Here the group can be seen exploring the site of the 1870 MW Gibe III scheme.|
|Detail of one of the stelae, viewed by delegates at the UNESCO World Heritage archeological site at Tiya, during the AFRICA 2013 study tour. Of the 36 stelae at Tiya, 32 are sculpted with representational configurations. These artefacts are part of ancient Ethiopian culture, the precise age of which has not been confirmed. The group continued to Ajardi Mariam, to see one of the world-famous rock-hewn churches.|