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HYDRO 2013 Gallery

HYDRO 2013 Gallery

Austria’s Federal Minister of Science and Research, Dr Karlheinz Töchterle, addressing international delegates during the Opening Ceremony in Innsbruck. He said the hypothesis of the 6th Century Greek Philosopher Thales, that ‘water is the basis of everything’, was still valid today, in view of its roles for power generation, industry, and enhancing the landscape to promote tourism. “Water can be considered as one of the key resources of the world”, he said. Speaking of Austrian hydropower, he pointed out that hydro supplied more than 60 per cent of national generation, adding that by optimizing this kind of energy use, the country could become energy self-sufficient. Töchterle stressed that technological developments should be coupled with a responsible attitude to the landscape, for the sake of future generations.

Alison Bartle, Director of Aqua~Media International, welcomed participants, and observed that the 83 nations present at the conference together represented 92 per cent of global hydro capacity in operation, and 95 per cent of capacity under construction. She noted that world hydro capacity now totalled 1011 GW, with a further 224 GW under construction. She recalled that in opening addresses over the past few years, she had expressed optimism that a turning point was being reached for hydro development. Today, she said, it was clear that the corner had been turned. The current issue of Hydropower & Dams alone contained news of 7000 MW of hydro capacity now going ahead in 20 countries.

The Brass Ensemble of Innsbruck’s music school played ‘The Arrival of the Queen of Sheba’ as a fanfare to welcome international guests. Later two pieces by Strauss were also played; the grand finale to the Opening Ceremony was a rousing performance of the Radetsky March, with the traditional accompaniment of clapping from the audience.

ICOLD President Adama Nombre, in his opening message, drew attention to the need to improve the energy situation in the less developed countries. He also stressed the important role of multipurpose hydro schemes in mitigating the effects of droughts and floods, particularly in the context of climate change. He later chaired the session on potential and developments in Africa.

Director of the regional power company TIWAG, Johann Herdina, (local co-host of the Conference), welcomed delegates, and spoke of plans for the development of a further 1500 GWh/year of hydropower, which would help to ensure further growth in the region.

Jean-Michel Devernay, Lead Technical Specialist for Hydropower at the World Bank, spoke of the Bank’s recently published report on Directons for the Energy Sector. He said this “paved the way for the Bank to upscale further its support for hydro”. He added that the renewed hydropower agenda would be customized to fit the “new hydropower development landscape”. The Bank would not shy away from the complexities of multipurpose projects, he continued, and would work to foster regional collaboration.

Dr Jacques Moulot, Lead Energy Specialist at the African Development Bank, also stressed the importance of regional integrated development, in outlining details of the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa. He spoke of some of the PIDA projects now moving ahead (which were discussed further in a session he chaired later in the conference). Dr Moulot also gave details of some of the proposed strategies to raise the large amount of funding required.

Karl Heinz Gruber, a Member of the Board of Austria’s principal national electricity company, Verbund, described hydropower as “a remarkable player in the global market”. He added that there were great expectations today for hydro in terms of its ability to help reach ambitious energy and climate targets.

A general view of the audience during the Opening Ceremony. A total of 1450 participants from 83 countries attended. This made HYDRO 2013 the largest in the series of conferences to date, apart from HYDRO 2009 when the Eurafric conference was combined on the last day, bringing extra participants. The HYDRO 2013 Exhibition was the largest organized by Aqua-Media to date.

Innsbruck City Councillor Gerhard Fritz, who represented the Mayor of Innsbruck at the Opening. He spoke of some of his city’s unique characteristics. For example, Innsbruck’s two universities hosted around 30,000 students representing more than 100 countries; this made it a very international and open-minded city, he said.

Stephan Oblasser, representing the Governor of the Tyrol at the Conference, described hydro as “a top quality form of energy”; he drew attention to its advantages from ecological, economic and social points of view. He felt that HYDRO 2013 was playing an important role in conveying the advantages of hydropower, and promoting public acceptance.

Prof Markus Aufleger of the University of Innsbruck, who chaired the session on Environment, and co-authored papers in several sessions. He also played a major role during the planning of the Conference and study tours.

Prof Bernhard Pelikan, Vice-President of ESHA, and José Freitas, Deputy Director of EDP Production, Portugal, co-chaired a session on hydro potential, planning and development in Europe. There were contributions to the session from Austria, Portugal, Switzerland, Germany and Lithuania. Topics included: different approaches to gaining basic data and knowledge to improve the quality of engineering; the use of instream energy converters, and case studies relating to dam construction and hydropower refurbishment.

Another regional session on potential, planning and development focused on Asia and Latin America. Shown left are the co-chairs, Dr Kamal Laksiri of the Ceylon Electricity Board, Sri Lanka, and Dr Maria Antonieta Gomez Balandra of IMTA, Mexico. To the right is Lam Dorji, Head of Operation and Maintenance at Druk Green Power, Bhutan. The session included overview reports from Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, and Peru.

Niels Nielsen, Joint Secretary of IEA Hydro, who chaired sessions on small hydro and hydro plant refurbishment. The panel of speakers reflected some of the work of IEA Annexes on these topics.

Chris Head, Consultant, UK, led a session and panel discussion on concession arrangements for hydropower. Discussions revolved around the fact that at the time concession agreements are drawn up, the parties involved are not likely to know the exact cost or profitability of projects. Contributors to the session included Xaypaseuth Phomsoupha from the Ministry of Energy and Mines, Laos, and Pascal Le Neel of Stucky, Switzerland, who described challenges and achievements relating to Myanmar’s first BOT project.

During the introduction to the session on potential, planning development in Africa, Steve Usher, Deputy Editor of Hydropower & Dams, presented details of the Final Declaration of the AFRICA 2013 Conference, which had taken place in Addis Ababa in April, co-organized by Aqua~Media, ICOLD and EEPCo. This first of two African sessions at HYDRO 2013 in Innsbruck, chaired by ICOLD President Adama Nombre, focused on projects in Nigeria, Sudan, Liberia and Guinea.

Delegates attending the first session on civil works, which focused particularly on design and materials for dams (RCC, CFRDs, materials for conventional rockfill dams, the use of geomembranes, and equipment for the production and delivery of concrete). Other topics included modelling for the design of surge chambers and compensation basins.

Paulo Erbisti of Brazil, who chaired a special session on the selection and safe operation of hydraulic gates. The focus of the session was on lessons learned from past incidents and failures, and Paulo Erbisti set the scene for discussions by giving a presentation on the failure of radial gates at the Santo Osorio hydro plant in Brazil.

Two world experts on hydraulic machinery, John Gummer of Australia and Prof Hermod Brekke of Norway, who led the sessions on hydraulic machinery. Research, design aspects, and operational aspects were covered, with presentations from major manufacturing companies and universities in many parts of the world. Topics ranged from complex analysis of turbulence within Francis turbines to a study on the design of 1020 MW machines for a Russian power station which, combined with a DC link, has the potential to operate at variable speed to cope with a wide range of head variations.

Ms Maeva Dupont of EDF, France, who discussed the monitoring of penstock pressure in the context of hydro plant safety; and, Dr Yannis Thanopoulos of PPC, Greece, who gave a paper on the seismic performance and safety evaluation of the Tavropos arch dam in his country. The session on dam and powerplant safety was chaired by Dr Harald Kreuzer of Switzerland.

The panel of speakers in a session on tunnels and underground works, which was chaired by Dr Gerald Zenz of TU Graz, also President of the Austrian Committee on Large Dams. There were contributions from UNESCO-IHE, and consultants from Austria, South Africa and Slovenia. Topics ranged from cracks in pressure tunnels to challenges of major underground power caverns, and the question of reducing geological uncertainty during construction.

Bryan Leyland gave a keynote address on small hydro engineering practice, in one of the sessions on mini hydro, which focused on global aspects of SHP development. Also shown here is Martina Steinkusz of the European Small Hydropower Association, who gave details of ESHA’s RESTOR project. This project highlights the unexploited small and micro hydro potential of Europe, and promotes in particular the concept of restoring disused water wheels and mill sites.

Co-Chairmen of the session on African regional hydropower development: Michel de Vivo, Secretary-General of ICOLD, and Dr Jacques Moulot, Chief Energy Specialist at the African Development Bank. The session focused on some of the major regional schemes within the PIDA initiative which are now moving ahead, such as Inga 3 and Ruzizi 3.

The session on the importance of large regional hydro schemes in Africa ended with a panel discussion on several of the important multi-national schemes now going ahead

Rikard Liden of the World Bank gave details of the Bank’s new Guideline Note on GHG Accounting for hydropower projects, during a session on the challenges of climate change. He also contributed to the session on environment, to examine whether the hydropower sustainability protocol could be a useful tool for IFIs.

Co-chairs of the session on global small hydropower: Marko Gospodjinacki, President of the European Small Hydropower Association, and Prof David Williams, CEO of the British Hydropower Association. There were contributions to this session from Norway, Germany, Italy, Canada, Japan, FYR Macedonia, The Philippines and New Zealand.

Prof Luis Berga of UPC Spain, Hon President of ICOLD, chaired the session on the challenges of climate change. He also gave a keynote address which focused on the major flooding in Europe in the summer of 2013. He pointed out that floods account for 30 per cent of natural disasters in Europe, and about 40 per cent of economic damage. So far there was no evidence that the flooding in recent years had increased as a result of climate change, he said, although there were indications that this could be the case in the future.

Bruno Trouille of MWH, USA, with J. Baztan of Gas Natural Fenosa, Spain, co-chairing one of three sessions on pumped storage. This session dealt with issues relating to on-going projects, and lessons learned from projects under implementation. Some unique construction challenges and permitting requirements were discussed, and a range of cost estimates were presented for fixed versus variable versus converter units. Two further sessions on pumped storage followed: one took the form of a panel discussion, and the other reviewed technical innovations.

Dr Aries Firman, from the Ministry of Public Works, Indonesia, described construction challenges at the Lau Gunung small hydro scheme in his country. Both the topography of the region and the geological conditions had necessitated innovative engineering approaches.

General view of the HYDRO 2013 exhibition, which took place on three levels of the Innsbruck  Congress Centre.

Coffee time in one of the Exhibition foyers, on the morning of Monday 7 October. This refreshment break was sponsored by Mavel of the Czech Republic.

The Norwegian Pavilion, during the HYDRO 2013 Technical Exhibition.

The Pavilion of the British Hydropower Association, and the stand of Superlit, Romania, during the HYDRO 2013 Exhibition.

There has been much discussion in recent years about the need to encourage young people into the hydropower profession, so that expertise can be passed on to future generations. The youngest participant at HYDRO 2013 was four months old.

During the plenary closing session on 9 October, Alison Bartle thanked Prof Markus Aufleger for all he had done for HYDRO 2013 throughout the planning process, and she presented him with a bottle of champagne.

The HYDRO 2013 Speakers’ and Chairmen’s reception and briefing, on the evening prior to the conference, was held in the spectacular Imperial Palace (Hofburg), adjacent to the Congress Centre. Speakers were able to view the imperial apartments and co-called Giant Hall, before their reception and supper.

General view of some participants enjoying the Welcome Reception on 7 October, which took place at the historical Salzlager building (a former salt warehouse). The evening was co-sponsored by Verbund.

Verbund Board Member Karl Heinz Gruber welcomes participants to the reception at Salzlager. Alison Bartle expressed her gratitude to Verbund for its hospitality in co-sponsoring the reception and its social programme, which included musical entertainment, in the two reception halls.

The brass band of the City of Innsbruck marching in, to mark the beginning of a spectacular evening of entertainment at the HYDRO 2013 Closing Dinner on 9 October. The dinner was organized and hosted by TIWAG.

Director of TIWAG, Johann Herdina, welcome participants to the HYDRO 2013 Closing Dinner, organized and hosted by his company.

During the evening, ballet dancers performed some scenes based on the theme of ice and water, to the music ‘The Age of Aquarius’. There were also performances of Schuhplattler (shoe slapping) which is a traditional Tyrolean dance.

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